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R 377
Mumbai (Bombay), The K.R. Cama Oriental Institute (in index)
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This record is incomplete and has not been verified by the project. It is a work in progress. Use this information with caution.
Accession Number:
R 377
Hijri Date:
1064 Dhu'l-Hijja 21
Gregorian Date:
1654 November 1
Presented by Mrs Serene Hormusji Sethna in memory of the late Dr & Mrs Kaaikhushroo Dossabhoy Cooper.
Kamal al-Din Naqshbandi
Folios extant in ms.:
Estimated num folios in ms.:
Columns x Rows:
4 x 29
Page Size (h x w):
428 x 245 mm
Text Size (h x w):
320 x 158 mm
Indian Nasta'liq
Colophon Folio:
Sample Page Folio:
Num Other Colophons:
Ms Type:
Ms Status:
Completion Status:
Search not completed
Illuminations in ms:
Illustrations in ms:
Illustration Records in archive:
Last updated by:
Date last updated:
2011-02-05 00:06
Public Notes
The ms. is in a modern binding, with dark red boards and a black cloth spine. Doublures are red paper with floral and animal motifs. The flyleaf contains a pasted label which repeats the colophon (written by the poor slave Kamal al-Din Naqshbandi on 21 Dhu'l-Hijja 1064 (= 1694 AD) - sic).

The paper is thin, brownish, quite burnished and crackly. There is substantial marginal damage from worm holes, which have been partly repaired. The ms. has not yet been restored.

There is an outer margin: single blue line. The inner margins are blue - space - two thin black with gold - thick gold - thin black - gold - thin black. The columns are ruled with 2 x two thin black with gold. Rubrics also in red nasta'liq on a plain ground, the boxes ruled with two thin black and gold lines.

The manuscript has been paginated backwards, as though it were a European book, i.e. from left to right: f. 483 = f. 1; f. 1r is blank, the poem starts on f. 1v (f. 483r). For the moment, the paintings are entered with the European pagination, and therefore appear to be in reverse order according to the text of the Shahnama.

The European pagination, however, is also incorrect, f. 475 is followed by 456 instead of 476, so the total number of folios should be increased by 20. Clearly, the whole manuscript needs repaginating properly; the current list is therefore both confusing and entirely provisional. The number of paintings listed is 48, but the manuscript was examined in great haste and some may have been overlooked, especially towards the end.

The paintings are all in the characteristic Kashmiri style; if the date of the ms. is correct, and the paintings are contemporary with it (as seems to be the case), this is rather an early example of this style.

There is no Preface; the text of the poem comes under a typical paisley style unvan. The text is organised in four daftars, each under an unvan, and each daftar is dated (all pagination in reverse, European, order):

f. 360v - end of daftar one, last day of Jumada II, 1064

f. 359r - start of daftar two, story of Kamus

f. 231r - end of daftar two, 23 Sha'ban 1064

f. 230r - start of daftar three, story of Luhrasp

f. 96r - end of daftar three, 3 Dhu'l-Qa'da 1064

f. 95r - start of daftar four, reign of Anushirvan


Project Notes
Check pagination; check also dates of daftars: 1063 or 1064?
Illustration in archive - 51     (back to top)
sample page
f. 001v
Illuminated unvan (1654)
f. 006r
Sa'd-i Vaqqas kills Rustam (1654)
f. 032v
Bahram Chubina given wine by the old woman (1654)
f. 046v
f. 055v
Bahram Chubina kills the fleeing Sava Shah (1654)
f. 087r
Nushzad killed in battle with Ram Barzin (1654)
f. 107v
Shangal receives Bahram Gur after he has killed the wolf (1654)
f. 120r
f. 126r
Bahram Gur fights two lions to win the throne (1654)
f. 135r
Shapur goes to the court of Caesar (1654)
f. 149r
Ardashir kills Mihrak Nushzad (1654)
f. 156r
Iskandar mourned (1654)
f. 165r
Iskandar visits Qaydafa disguised as a messenger (1654)
f. 173v
Iskandar attends the dying Dara (1654)
f. 183v
Rustam kills Shaghad before dying (1654)
f. 188r
Rustam shoots Isfandiyar in the eyes with a double-pointed arrow (1654)
f. 201r
Isfandiyar kills Arjasp to rescue his sisters (1654)
f. 206r
Isfandiyar's second labour: he fights the lions (1654)
f. 226v
Gushtasp kills a wolf in Rum (1654)
f. 238v
The execution of Afrasiyab (1654)
f. 253r
Kay Khusrau throws Shida to the ground (1654)
f. 262v
The eleventh combat: Gudarz kills Piran (1654)
f. 271v
Bizhan kills Human (1654)
f. 283r
f. 295v
Barzu's mother prevents Rustam from killing Barzu (1654)
f. 305r
Scene from the Barzunama (1654)
f. 317v
Rustam rescues Bizhan from the pit (1654)
f. 317v
Rustam rescues Bizhan from the pit (1654)
f. 330v
Akvan Div flings Rustam into the sea (1654)
f. 338v
Rustam pulls the Khaqan of Chin from his elephant by lasso (1654)
f. 347r
Rustam kills Ashkabus and his horse (1654)
f. 359r
Illuminated unvan (1654)
f. 369v
The death of Farud (1654)
f. 380v
Kay Khusrau crosses the Oxus with Farangis and Giv (1654)
f. 388r
Faramarz captures Surkha, son of Afrasiyab (1654)
f. 393v
Guruy executes Siyavush (1654)
f. 401r
Siyavush plays polo before Afrasiyab (1654)
f. 408v
The fire ordeal of Siyavush (1654)
f. 415v
Rustam mortally wounds Suhrab (1654)
f. 429v
Rustam fights the armies of three Kings (1654)
f. 436r
Rustam's seventh labour: he kills the White Div (1654)
f. 439r
Rustam's first labour: Rakhsh kills a lion (1654)
f. 445r
Rustam catches Rakhsh (1654)
f. 454v
Scene from another epic (1654)
f. 458r
Scene from another epic (1654)
f. 458r2
Faridun receives Manuchihr's victory message (1654)
f. 462v
The birth of Rustam (1654)
f. 462v2
The murder of Iraj (1654)
f. 472r
Rudaba lets down her hair for Zal to climb up (1654)
f. 472r2
Jamshid sawn in half before Zahhak (1654)
f. 480v
Kayumars enthroned (1654)