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R 415a
Mumbai (Bombay), The K.R. Cama Oriental Institute (in index)
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This record is incomplete and has not been verified by the project. It is a work in progress. Use this information with caution.
Accession Number:
R 415a
Hijri Date:
1200 Muharram 27
Gregorian Date:
1785 November 29
Bidar (Deccan)
Mir 'Ali Akbar walad Muhammad Muhsin Deccani al-Husaini
Estimated num folios in ms.:
Columns x Rows:
4 x 23
Page Size (h x w):
400 x 230 mm
Text Size (h x w):
310 x 158 mm
Indian Nasta'liq
Sample Page Folio:
Ms Type:
Ms Status:
First half
Completion Status:
Search not completed
Illustration Records in archive:
Last updated by:
Date last updated:
2011-02-04 23:33
Public Notes
The foliation is currently (2011) written as though in a European ms. (reading from right to left), but there are traces of an earlier pagination in Indian Arabic numerals on the recto pages, partly trimmed. At present, the foliation followed is the modern (Western) one, and the original one is given where identified as the "reconstructed folio no.". The images below therefore appear at present in the order they occur in the manuscript, but the reverse order of the Shahnama itself. According to the Indian numbering the ms. contains 435 folios.

The paper is thick, and burnished. The finish of the manuscript is of high quality; it is heavily illustrated in a very distinctive style (? Sikh: as suggested by M. Shreve Simpson); the paintings leave a heavy 'shadow' on the reverse side of the folio.

The detailed colophon identifies the scribe as Mir 'Ali Akbar son of Muhammad Muhsin Deccani al-Husaini (possibly al-Hasani), resident in the Citadel (Qal'a) of Zafarabad in Bidar, and mentions that the text has 60,000 verses.

The manuscript is left incomplete, in that the columns are not ruled after f. 393r (= f. 35v) and marginal rulings cease at f. 379v (= f. 57r). The text itself covers the first part of the Shahnama, ending at the end of 'The Great War' and the death of Kay Khusrau, and the passing of rule to Luhrasp.

The text includes a lengthy Samnama, still to be fully described, and also the Barzunama (ff. 303r-364r).

One image from this ms. has been printed in the Journal of the K R Cama Oriental Institute no. 70 (2010), p.110.

Manuscript investigated in preliminary way by F. Abdullaeva and Charles Melville, 10-11 January 2011. The list of paintings is still incomplete (the preliminary list is thought to be complete up to f. 231v (= f. 198r).

Project Notes
Images still needed. Interesting ms. to be followed up.

Need folio no. of colophon and full reorganisation of the images in 'correct' order with proper pagination.

Break-lines noted by CM still to be checked and entered.

Illustration in archive - 64     (back to top)

sample page
f. 051v
The eleventh combat: Gudarz kills Piran (1785)
f. 054v
The first combat: Fariburz kills Gulbad (1785)
f. 067v
Bizhan kills Human (1785)
f. 127v
Rustam comes before Kay Khusrau after returning with Bizhan (1785)
f. 133r
Rustam fights Barkhiyas Div (interpolation) (1785)
f. 138r
Rustam disguised as a merchant before Piran (1785)
f. 147r
Manizha's nurse speaks with Bizhan (1785)
f. 201r
Jarira commits suicide over her son's body (1785)
f. 203r
Farud shoots Giv's horse from under him (1785)
f. 204v
Farud kills Rivniz (1785)
f. 231v
f. 241v
Piran proposes his daughter as a wife for Siyavush (1785)
f. 252v
The fire ordeal of Siyavush (1785)
f. 256v
Siyavush in Sudaba's private quarters (1785)
f. 260v
Tahmina learns of Suhrab's death (1785)
f. 265r
Rustam mortally wounds Suhrab (1785)
f. 266r
Suhrab overthrows Rustam in their second combat (1785)
f. 270v
Kay Kavus apologises to Rustam for his behaviour (1785)
f. 273v
Kay Kavus summons Rustam (1785)
f. 276v
Akvan Div flings Rustam into the sea (1785)
f. 279r
Turanian riders capture Rakhsh (1785)
f. 280v
Rustam kills Alkus in combat (1785)
f. 284r
Kay Kavus prepares for his flight to the heavens (1785)
f. 286r
Rustam pulls the King of Sham from his saddle by lasso (1785)
f. 291v
Kay Kavus' s champions fight the King of Mazandaran (1785)
f. 295r
Rustam's seventh labour: he kills the White Div (1785)
f. 296r
Rustam's sixth labour: he kills Arzhang (1785)
f. 297v
Rustam's fifth labour: he lassoes Aulad (1785)
f. 298v
Rustam's fourth labour: he kills the witch (1785)
f. 299v
Rustam's third labour: he kills a dragon (1785)
f. 300v
Rustam's second labour: he finds a spring and kills an onager (1785)
f. 301v
Rustam's first labour: Rakhsh kills a lion (1785)
f. 305v
Kay Kavus enthroned (1785)
f. 308r
Rustam lifts Afrasiyab by the belt (1785)
f. 310r
Rustam enthroned with Kay Qubad on Mount Alburz (1785)
f. 311v
Rustam catches Rakhsh (1785)
f. 315r
Gulbad, Zal and Shamasas in battle (DUPL) (1785)
f. 322r
Rustam kills Zal's white elephant (1785)
f. 324r
The birth of Rustam (1785)
f. 325r
The Simurgh bids farewell to Sam's son (1785)
f. 326r
Zal marries Rudaba (1785)
f. 329v
Zal writes to Sam (1785)
f. 336r
Mihrab hears of Zal (1785)
f. 341v
Zal shoots fowl (1785)
f. 345r
f. 350v
f. 357r
f. 360r
f. 362v
f. 367v
f. 376v
f. 379v
f. 383r
f. 386v
f. 395v
f. 399v
f. 405r
The murder of Iraj (1785)
f. 408v
Faridun tests his sons (1785)
f. 412v
Faridun binds Zahhak (1785)
f. 414v
Faridun celebrates his victory over Zahhak (1785)
f. 417v
Youths rescued from Zahhak's kitchen (1785)
f. 422r
Jamshid enthroned (1785)
f. 425r
Kayumars enthroned (1785)
f. 429r
Zahhak consults physicians (1785)