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Ms. 28 (O)
St Andrews, University of St Andrews Library (in index)
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© University of St Andrews Special Collections
Accession Number:
Ms. 28 (O)
Hijri Date:
Gregorian Date:
1605 (to nearest hijri year)
Safavid Iran
Folios extant in ms.:
Estimated num folios in ms.:
Columns x Rows:
4 x 25
Page Size (h x w):
346 x 217 mm
Text Size (h x w):
245 x 145 mm
Colophon Folio:
Sample Page Folio:
Ms Type:
Ms Status:
Defective at end
Completion Status:
Ready to upload to website
Illuminations in ms:
Illustrations in ms:
30 ( 28 Shahnama 2 Barzunama )
Illustration Records in archive:
Last updated by:
Date last updated:
2013-04-16 07:27
Public Notes
An interesting manuscript, produced in Iran, without images, in the mid Safavid period; it must then have found its way to India, where pictures were added by painting over the text. Unusually, however, this was done very neatly, and the margins redrawn to accommodate the paintings; furthermore, the text that was painted over was reproduced in the margins of the page, in a specially drawn marginal column.

The volume is now bound in red velvet covers, with Shah Namuh (sic) in gold on the spine (which is partly detached). Doublures are of thick European paper, followed by two flyleaves. The manuscript was evidently trimmed for the new covers, and is generally in excellent, almost pristine condition, despite some water staining in parts. The paper is thick and creamy. There is some worm-damage. The catchwords are in place.

The colophon at the end of the Baysunghur Preface (f. 12r) gives the date 1014 AH. The end of the ms. is defective, at least one folio is missing.

The preface to the manuscript is numbered 1-12, and the text of the Shahnama starts again from f. 1v (= 13v). The existing pagination is retained for references to the text, prefaced by 1. for the prose introduction and 2. for the text itself. but the total number of folios in the ms. is thus 551 + 12 (Preface) + 1 (missing at end) + a further folio, incorrectly numbered at f. 223 (sic) which should be 231: total 565.

Project Notes
Still to get permission to upload pictures, check lines and order decent images perhaps. NB that the colours of the paintings resemble FA's ms. in All Souls, and this may help with the dating.

Complete all notes, and check esp. the end of the ms. and the last pictures (seen in haste): need dimensions.

Done, 14 March 2009.

Check phrasing for permissions/copyright. Done 15 April 2013.

Also to check the seals and inscriptions and finalise account of ms.

Illustration in archive - 37     (back to top)
sample page
f. 1.001r
Seals of ownership or library marks (1605)
f. 1.001v
Illuminated unvan (1605)
f. 2.001r
Seals of ownership or library marks (1605)
f. 2.001v
Illuminated unvan (1605)
f. 2.004r
Kayumars enthroned (1605)
f. 2.007r
Zahhak mesmerised by Iblis, appearing as a cook (1605)
f. 2.030r
The murder of Iraj (1605)
f. 2.035r
Manuchihr kills Salm (1605)
f. 2.037v
The Simurgh bids farewell to Sam's son (1605)
f. 2.052r
The birth of Rustam (1605)
f. 2.060r
Afrasiyab executes Nauzar (1605)
f. 2.068v
Rustam's third labour: he kills a dragon (1605)
f. 2.078r
Kay Kavus falls back down to earth (1605)
f. 2.093r
Rustam discovers Suhrab's identity (1605)
f. 2.118r
Siyavush and his troops are defeated by the forces of Afrasiyab (1605)
f. 2.125r
Rustam fights Afrasiyab, Human and the Turanians (1605)
f. 2.164r
Rustam kills Ashkabus and his horse (1605)
f. 2.173r
Rustam pulls the Khaqan of Chin from his elephant by lasso (1605)
f. 2.183v
Illuminated unvan (1605)
f. 2.195v
Rustam rescues Bizhan from the pit (1605)
f. 2.205v
Scene from the Barzunama (1605)
f. 2.223r
Scene from the Barzunama (1605)
f. 2.253r
The eleventh combat: Gudarz kills Piran (1605)
f. 2.264r
Kay Khusrau fights Shida (1605)
f. 2.281v
Afrasiyab begs Kay Khusrau for mercy (1605)
f. 2.315r
Isfandiyar questions Gurgsar about the Brazen Fortress (1605)
f. 2.323v
Illuminated unvan (1605)
f. 2.338r
Rustam shoots Isfandiyar in the eyes with a double-pointed arrow (1605)
f. 2.343r
Rustam kills Shaghad before dying (1605)
f. 2.355r
Iskandar executes Dara's murderers (1605)
f. 2.379r
The capture of the two sons of Ardavan (1605)
f. 2.420r
Bahram Gur reaches the border of Iran and Turan (1605)
f. 2.439v
Illuminated unvan (1605)
f. 2.469v
Gav and Talhand's forces fight for a second time (1605)
f. 2.490r
Bahram Chubina kills the fleeing Sava Shah (1605)
f. 2.525r
The captive Qulun mortally wounds Bahram Chubina (1605)
f. 2.544r
Mihr Hurmuzd murders Khusrau Parviz (1605)