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Ms. Ta'rikh Farisi, no. 73
Cairo, Dar al-Kutub (in index)
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© National Library and Archives of Egypt
Accession Number:
Ms. Ta'rikh Farisi, no. 73
Hijri Date:
Gregorian Date:
1394 (to nearest hijri year)
Lutf-Allah b. Muhamad b. Yahya
Folios extant in ms.:
Columns x Rows:
6 x 31
Page Size (h x w):
352 x 232 mm
Text Size (h x w):
222 x 136 mm
Colophon Folio:
Sample Page Folio:
Ms Type:
Ms Status:
Completion Status:
Ready to upload to website
Illuminations in ms:
Illustrations in ms:
67 ( 2 frontispiece(s) 64 Shahnama 1 other [ Faramarznama(?) ] )
Illustration Records in archive:
Last updated by:
Date last updated:
0000-00-00 00:00:00
Public Notes
Many of the photos of the paintings in the ms. are those taken (with permission) by Bernard O'Kane, and these are currently being replaced; hence the variation is colour quality and size. The description of the ms. is also mainly taken from his recent study, supplemented by a brief inspection by Ch.M. in February 2008.

The binding is modern, of black leather with a handsome star-spangled design in gold. The original margins have been lost, due to repairs. The ms. begins with the Old Preface, ff. 1-3, which includes two images, the first at least apparently of Firdausi and the poets of Ghazna. The calligrapher was also responsible for an Anthology in Topkapi Saray H. 1510, dated 776 or 786 A.H., where he gives his name as al-Tabrizi, known as Kamal al-Jalali.

The ratio of paintings in the first and later historical sections is 5:1, with the latter restricted to a series of enthronements. The ms. also contains a painting illustrating the Faramarznama (f. 74v). Overall, the iconography has a distinct bias towards the glorification of Iranian rulers, perhaps giving a clue to the circumstances of its production, completed in the immediate aftermath of the destruction of the Muzaffarid dynasty in southern Iran at the hands of Timur.

On exhibition in the Museum of Islamic Arts, Cairo, during February 2007 (open at ff. 107v-108r).

General Ref:
Norgren, J. & Davis, E. Preliminary index of Shah-nameh illustrations. University of Michigan. Ann Arbor. USA.
Dating Ref:
Colophon Extracted from the colophon of the work.
Origin Ref:
Colophon Extracted from the colophon of the work.
Illustration Ref:
O'Kane, B. The iconography of the Shahnama, ms. ta'rikh farisi 73, Dar al-Kutub, Cairo (796/1393-4). (in Shahnama Studies I) (in Pembroke Papers) (ed. Melville, C.) 5 pp. 171-88 Centre of Middle Eastern Studies. Cambridge. UK.
Illustration in archive - 71     (back to top)
f. 000
Binding (1394)
f. 001r
Illuminated title page (recto side) (1394)
f. 003r
Firdausi and the poets of Ghazna (1393)
f. 004r
Firdausi and his book introduced to Sultan Mahmud (1393)
f. 004v
Illuminated title page (verso side) (1394)
f. 006r
Miscellaneous preliminary material (1394)
f. 013v
The murder of Iraj (1393)
f. 016r
Manuchihr kills Tur in battle (1393)
f. 018r
The birth of Zal (1393)
f. 026v
Zal displays his skills before Manuchihr (1393)
f. 028v
Rustam kills Zal's white elephant (1393)
f. 032v
Afrasiyab executes Nauzar (1393)
f. 034v
Rustam enthroned with Kay Qubad on Mount Alburz (1393)
f. 035v
Qarin fights Shamasas (1393)
f. 036r
Rustam lifts Afrasiyab by the belt (1393)
f. 039v
Rustam's third labour: he kills a dragon (1393)
f. 041r
Rustam's seventh labour: he kills the White Div (1393)
f. 045r
Guraza captures the Shah of Barbaristan (1393)
f. 046v
Rustam and the Iranians hunt in Afrasiyab's preserves (1393)
f. 051v
Suhrab and Human survey the Iranian army (1393)
f. 054v
Rustam mortally wounds Suhrab (1393)
f. 057v
Siyavush visits Sudaba's quarters a second time (1393)
f. 059r
The fire ordeal of Siyavush (1393)
f. 064v
Siyavush plays polo before Afrasiyab (1393)
f. 073r
Faramarz kills Varazad (1393)
f. 074v
Scene from the Faramarznama (1393)
f. 076v
Human attacks Rustam to allow Afrasiyab to escape (1393)
f. 077r
The Turanians flee from Rustam (1393)
f. 079v
Giv captures Piran (1393)
f. 083r
Kay Khusrau pledges vengeance against Afrasiyab
f. 086v
Farud kills Zarasp (1393)
f. 088r
Farud retreats to his fortress and is mortally wounded by Ruhham (1393)
f. 089r
Bizhan kills Palashan (1393)
f. 092v
Bahram defies Ruyin and the Turanian forces (1393)
f. 094r
Kay Khusrau reproaches Tus for his actions (1393)
f. 101v
Rustam kills Ashkabus and his horse (1393)
f. 103v
The Khaqan of Chin sends Human to negociate with Rustam (1393)
f. 107v
The defeat of the Turanian army (1393)
f. 109v
Rustam fights Kafur the Cannibal (1393)
f. 110v
Afrasiyab learns of Rustam's arrival
f. 112v
Afrasiyab flees from Rustam (1393)
f. 114r
Akvan Div flings Rustam into the sea (1393)
f. 117r
Bizhan brought before Afrasiyab (1393)
f. 120v
Rustam feasts with Kay Khusrau (1393)
f. 122v
Rustam rescues Bizhan from the pit (1393)
f. 128v
Bizhan kills Human (1393)
f. 134v
Fariburz ties Gulbad over his saddle (1393)
f. 135r
Giv defeats and binds Guruy Zirih (1393)
f. 135v
The third combat: Guraza kills Siyamak by throwing him to the ground (1393)
f. 136r
The fourth combat: Furuhil kills Zangala (1393)
f. 136v
The fifth combat: Ruhham kills Barman (1393)
f. 137r
The sixth combat: Bizhan kills Ruyin (1393)
f. 137v
The seventh combat: Hujir kills Sipahram with a blow of his sword (1393)
f. 138r
Gudarz mourns the dead Piran (1393)
f. 146r
Kay Khusrau kills Aila (1393)
f. 149v
Kay Khusrau besieges Gang Dizh (1393)
f. 154r
Kay Khusrau crosses Lake Zara (1393)
f. 156v
The execution of Afrasiyab (1393)
f. 158r
Kay Khusrau grants an audience to Rustam and Zal (1393)
f. 160v
Kay Khusrau says a final farewell to his loyal comanders (1393)
f. 164r
Gushtasp kills a wolf in Rum (1393)
f. 180r
Gushtasp receives Isfandiyar on his return from the Haft Khvan (1393)
f. 188v
Rustam shoots Isfandiyar in the eyes with a double-pointed arrow (1393)
f. 195r
Darab receives the crown
f. 213v
Ardashir Babakan enthroned (1393)
f. 223v
Bahram son of Shapur enthroned (1393)
f. 243v
Piruz son of Yazdagird enthroned (1393)
f. 248r
Anushirvan enthroned (1393)
f. 263v
Anushirvan sits before the chessboard sent by the Raja of Hind (1393)
f. 285v
Khusrau Parviz enthroned (1393)
f. 291r
Bahram Chubina enthroned (1393)