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Ryl Pers 910
Manchester, John Rylands University Library of Manchester (in index)
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© The John Rylands University Library, The University of Manchester
Accession Number:
Ryl Pers 910
Hijri Date:
924 Jumada I 6
Gregorian Date:
1518 May 26
Folios extant in ms.:
Columns x Rows:
4 x 25
Page Size (h x w):
311 x 228 mm
Text Size (h x w):
228 x 152 mm
Colophon Folio:
Sample Page Folio:
Ms Type:
Ms Status:
Completion Status:
Ready to upload to website
Illuminations in ms:
Illustrations in ms:
101 ( 101 Shahnama )
Illustration Records in archive:
Last updated by:
Date last updated:
0000-00-00 00:00:00
Public Notes
Eighteenth-century Indian binding of claret-coloured leather with white medallions, pendants, corner pieces and border panels inlaid and embossed. Doublures with medallions and pendants painted in silver. Modern slip-case of scarlet morocco.

Robinson reads the year of the colophon as 924 A.H., but I think there must be some doubt over this. 904 A.H. is also a possibility.

Robinson, Persian paintings in the John Rylands Library, pp. 118-48, describes a good illuminated heading at the start of the preface, on f. 6v, and an excellent illuminated double title page on ff. 16v-17r, 'recalling the Commercial Turkman work of a generation earlier'. He also identifies the work of three separate artists in an earlier group, working perhaps a little later than the date of the text; a second group also contains the work of three painters, probably between 1580 and 1590. For more details, see ibid., pp. 119-20. Many of the earlier paintings were also repainted or retouched in India.

General Ref:
Norgren, J. & Davis, E. Preliminary index of Shah-nameh illustrations. University of Michigan. Ann Arbor. USA.
Dating Ref:
Colophon Extracted from the colophon of the work.
Origin Ref:
Robinson, B.W. Persian Paintings in the John Rylands Library A Descriptive Catalogue. Sotheby Parke Bernet. London. UK.
Illustration Ref:
Robinson, B.W. Persian Paintings in the John Rylands Library A Descriptive Catalogue. Sotheby Parke Bernet. London. UK.
Illustration in archive - 102     (back to top)
sample page
f. 001v
Illuminated unvan (1518)
f. 016v
Illuminated title page (verso side) (1518)
f. 023r
Zahhak consults physicians (1518)
f. 028v
Faridun defeats Zahhak (1518)
f. 034r
The murder of Iraj (1518)
f. 046r
Rudaba and Zal together (1518)
f. 056v
Sam visits Zal and Rustam (1518)
f. 057v
Rustam kills Zal's white elephant (1518)
f. 064r
Afrasiyab executes Nauzar (1518)
f. 067r
Rustam catches Rakhsh (1518)
f. 068v
Rustam kills Qulun (1518)
f. 069r
Rustam lifts Afrasiyab by the belt (1518)
f. 071r
Zal counsels Kay Kavus (1518)
f. 073r
Rustam's first labour: Rakhsh kills a lion (1518)
f. 074r
Rustam's third labour: he kills a dragon (1518)
f. 076v
Rustam's seventh labour: he kills the White Div (1518)
f. 094v
The first combat of Rustam and Suhrab (1518)
f. 097r
Rustam discovers Suhrab's identity (1518)
f. 105v
The fire ordeal of Siyavush (1518)
f. 112v
Siyavush plays polo before Afrasiyab (1518)
f. 115r
Siyavush marries Farangis (1518)
f. 118r
Siyavush fights Damur (1518)
f. 123r
Guruy executes Siyavush (1518)
f. 127r
Rustam kills Pilsam (1518)
f. 129v
Human attacks Rustam to allow Afrasiyab to escape (1518)
f. 135v
Giv leads Piran before Kay Khusrau and Farangis (1518)
f. 139r
Kay Khusrau's army besieges Bahman's castle (1518)
f. 146v
Farud kills Rivniz (1518)
f. 152r
Piran attacks the Iranian camp at night (1518)
f. 156v
Giv kills Tahzav in revenge for the death of Bahram (1518)
f. 164r
Kay Khusrau learns of the plight of his army (1518)
f. 170v
Rustam kills Ashkabus and his horse (1518)
f. 172r
Rustam captures and kills Kamus (1518)
f. 178r
Rustam lifts Shangul from his saddle (1518)
f. 180r
Rustam pulls the Khaqan of Chin from his elephant by lasso (1518)
f. 183r
Rustam fights Kafur the Cannibal (1518)
f. 199v
Rustam rescues Bizhan from the pit (1518)
f. 215v
Bizhan brings Human's head back to the Iranian forces (1518)
f. 221r
The first combat: Fariburz kills Gulbad (1518)
f. 221v
Giv defeats and binds Guruy Zirih (1518)
f. 222rA
The third combat: Guraza kills Siyamak by throwing him to the ground (1518)
f. 222rB
The fourth combat: Furuhil kills Zangala (1518)
f. 222v
The fifth combat: Ruhham kills Barman (1518)
f. 223rA
The sixth combat: Bizhan kills Ruyin (1518)
f. 223rB
The seventh combat: Hujir kills Sipahram with a blow of his sword (1518)
f. 223v
The eighth combat: Zanga kills Akhvasht (1518)
f. 224rA
Gurgin leads away Andariman's horse (1518)
f. 224rB
Barta returns with the body of Kuhram (1518)
f. 224v
Piran escapes from Gudarz up the mountainside (1518)
f. 228r
Gustaham kills Lahhak (1518)
f. 237v
Kay Khusrau kills Shida (1518)
f. 244v
Rustam takes Jahn and Garsivaz prisoner (1518)
f. 254r
The execution of Afrasiyab (1518)
f. 257v
Kay Khusrau replies to Zal (1518)
f. 262v
Luhrasp enthroned (1570)
f. 287v
Isfandiyar's second labour: he fights the lions (1518)
f. 288v
Isfandiyar's fourth labour: he kills the sorceress (1570)
f. 289v
Isfandiyar's fifth labour: he kills the Simurgh (1570)
f. 291r
Isfandiyar's seventh labour: Gurgsar leads him across the lake to Ruyin Dizh (the Brazen Hold) (1518)
f. 294r
Isfandiyar kills Arjasp to rescue his sisters (1518)
f. 300r
Rustam kicks aside the rock pushed by Bahman (1518)
f. 303r
Rustam boasts again of his lineage (1518)
f. 309v
The first combat of Rustam and Isfandiyar (1518)
f. 314v
Rustam shoots Isfandiyar in the eyes with a double-pointed arrow (1518)
f. 317r
Isfandiyar mourned (1518)
f. 322r
Rustam kills Shaghad before dying (1518)
f. 334v
Iskandar attends the dying Dara (1570)
f. 347r
Iskandar signs a treaty with Queen Qaydafa and returns (1518)
f. 361r
Haftvad's daughter spinning in the garden (1570)
f. 387r
Bahram Gur enthroned after killing the lions (1518)
f. 391r
A drunken shoemaker rides on Bahram Gur's escaped lion (1570)
f. 395r
Bahram Gur with Barzin's daughters (1518)
f. 396r
Bahram Gur hunts lion (1518)
f. 402v
Bahram Gur kills the dragon that had killed a youth (1518)
f. 405r
Bahram Gur captures the Khaqan of Chin (1518)
f. 411v
Bahram Gur kills a wolf in India (1518)
f. 412v
Bahram Gur kills a dragon in India (1518)
f. 419r
Piruz and his army fall into a pit and die (1570)
f. 423r
The execution of Sufaray (1570)
f. 426v
Anushirvan enthroned (1570)
f. 433v
Aushirvan builds a city like Antakia to imprison the Rumis (1570)
f. 438r
Anushirvan executes a young man and his half-sister in his harem (1570)
f. 459v
Gav and Talhand's forces fight for a second time (1570)
f. 486v
The anger of Bahram Chubina against Parmuda (1570)
f. 489r
Bahram Chubina at the castle of the Fortune Teller (1570)
f. 493v
Ayin Gushtasp is murdered (1570)
f. 497r
Khusrau Parviz and Bahram Chubina dispute kingship rights (1570)
f. 500v
Bahram Chubina's night attack on the camp of Khusrau Parviz (1570)
f. 501v
King Hurmuzd is assassinated (1570)
f. 505r
Bahram Chubina kills Bahram, son of Siyavush while playing polo (1570)
f. 510r
The Rumis make a talisman (1570)
f. 513v
Bahram Chubina kills Kut the Roman (1570)
f. 516r
Bahram Chubina and Khusrau Parviz fight for the third time (1570)
f. 517r
Bahram Chubina given wine by the old woman (1570)
f. 520v
The monkey-lion devours the Khaqan's daughter (1570)
f. 521v
Bahram Chubina kills the monkey-lion (1570)
f. 524v
Qalun is arrested and beaten to death (1570)
f. 533r
Khusrau Parviz goes hunting (1570)
f. 535v
The musician Barbad plays for Khusrau Parviz (1570)
f. 540v
Shiruy (Qubad) enthroned (1570)
f. 545v
Mihr Hurmuzd murders Khusrau Parviz (1570)
f. 547v
Shirin commits suicide by the coffin of Khusrau Parviz (1570)