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Spencer Pers. ms. 62
New York, New York Public Library (in index)
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Sample Illustration
This record is incomplete and has not been verified by the project. It is a work in progress. Use this information with caution.
Accession Number:
Spencer Pers. ms. 62
Gregorian Date:
1720 (to 4)
Kashmir ?
Purchased for Spencer Coll. from Harry Levinson (?), 9 Sept. 1950 (Beverley Hills), for $550.
Folios extant in ms.:
Columns x Rows:
4 x 17
Page Size (h x w):
510 x 315 mm
Text Size (h x w):
342 x 204 mm
Sample Page Folio:
Ms Type:
Ms Status:
Part 1
Completion Status:
Do not upload without permission
Illuminations in ms:
Illustrations in ms:
122 ( 1 frontispiece(s) 104 Shahnama 17 Barzunama )
Illustration Records in archive:
Last updated by:
Date last updated:
2007-06-11 22:24:36
Public Notes

The described in detail by Barbara Schmitz, in the New York Public Library catalogue, pp. 186-93. She dates it to the 1720s, from Kashmir.

The manuscript contains the Barzunama, inserted in the traditional place, between the story of Bizhan and Manizha and the Davazdah Rukh. It is heavily illustrated, with 17 paintings. These still need to be more fully classified.

This ms. is of the first half of the Shahnama only; the text ending with the coronation of Luhrasp. The volume divides in two at the end of the story of Farud, f. 248r. Fols. 248v-249r are blank. Part II starts with an unvan, predominantly blue, green and gold, with red trimmings, on f. 249v. A note on f. 491r records 110 folios with paintings.

The paintings are often not placed very close to the text to which they relate: in many cases they are about 50 lines after the relevant 'critical verse' - but occasionally the pictures anticipate the action. The relationship between the paintings and the preceding rubrics in this copy would be an interesting topic to pursue. In some cases, such as the closely-spaced sequence of combats in the story of the Davazdah Rukh, where greater precision is really essential, the images are precisely located in the text, so it is clear that such attention to the relationship between word and image was possible when it was considered important. (ChM.).

General Ref:
Schmitz, B. Islamic manuscripts in the New York Public Library. OUP. New York. USA.
Dating Ref:
Schmitz, B. Islamic manuscripts in the New York Public Library. OUP. New York. USA.
Origin Ref:
Schmitz, B. Islamic manuscripts in the New York Public Library. OUP. New York. USA.
Illustration Ref:
Schmitz, B. Islamic manuscripts in the New York Public Library. OUP. New York. USA.
Illustration in archive - 128     (back to top)
f. 020r
Portrait of Abu Mansur (1720)
f. 021v
Kayumars enthroned (1720)
f. 022r
The Div Khazarvan fights Siyamak (1720)
f. 023r
Hushang enthroned (1720)
f. 024r
Tahmuras enthroned (1720)
f. 025v
Jamshid teaches the crafts (1720)
f. 026v
Zahhak murders his father Mirdas (1720)
f. 031r
Unidentified scene (1720)
f. 036v
Jamshid sawn in half before Zahhak (1720)
f. 036v
Unidentified scene (1720)
f. 041r
Kava carries his standard (1720)
f. 042r
Faridun fords the Dijla on the way to fight Zahhak (1720)
f. 043r
Faridun with Jamshid's daughters (1720)
f. 045v
Faridun brings Zahhak to Mount Damavand (1720)
f. 050r
Faridun tests his sons (1720)
f. 054r
The head of Iraj is brought to Faridun (1720)
f. 058v
Manuchihr leads his army to fight Salm and Tur (1720)
f. 061v
Manuchihr fights Kakuy, grandson of Zahhak (1720)
f. 084r
Rustam kills Zal's white elephant (1720)
f. 084v
The birth of Rustam (1720)
f. 088v
Rustam fights Mihtar, kotwal of Kuh-i Sipand (1720)
f. 091r
Nauzar enthroned (1720)
f. 094r
Barman kills Qubad (1720)
f. 096v
Visa finds his son dead (1720)
f. 102r
Rustam catches Rakhsh (1720)
f. 103v
Rustam lifts Afrasiyab by the belt (1720)
f. 106v
Kay Kavus enthroned (1720)
f. 109v
The White Div blinds Kay Kavus and his army (1720)
f. 111v
Rustam's first labour: Rakhsh kills a lion (1720)
f. 113r
Rustam's third labour: he kills a dragon (1720)
f. 114r
Rustam's fourth labour: he kills the witch (1720)
f. 114v
Rustam camps in a field and gets into a fight with the watchman (1720)
f. 115v
Rustam's fifth labour: he lassoes Aulad (1720)
f. 116v
Rustam's sixth labour: he kills Arzhang (1720)
f. 118r
Rustam's seventh labour: he kills the White Div (1720)
f. 120r
Rustam shakes hands with Kalahur, champion from Mazandaran (1720)
f. 122r
Kay Kavus' s champions fight the King of Mazandaran (1720)
f. 123v
Kay Kavus returns to Iran and rewards Rustam for his deeds (1720)
f. 127v
Rustam fights the armies of three Kings (1720)
f. 129r
Rustam parleys with the King of Hamavaran (1720)
f. 130r
Kay Kavus sends a message to Caesar and Afrasiyab
f. 131v
Kay Kavus airborne (1720)
f. 131v
Kay Kavus airborne (1720)
f. 135r
Rustam fights the Turanians (1720)
f. 136r
Rustam kills Alkus in combat (1720)
f. 144r
Rustam meets Suhrab before combat (1720)
f. 144r
Rustam meets Suhrab before combat (1720)
f. 149v
Suhrab overthrows Rustam in their second combat (1720)
f. 150v
Rustam mortally wounds Suhrab (1720)
f. 162r
The fire ordeal of Siyavush (1720)
f. 165r
Siyavush defeats Garsivaz (1720)
f. 176v
Siyavush plays polo before Afrasiyab (1720)
f. 193r
Guruy executes Siyavush (1720)
f. 198r
Kay Kavus learns of Afrasiyab's attack
f. 199v
Faramarz kills Varazad (1720)
f. 202r
Pilsam spears Giv (1720)
f. 203r
Rustam kills Pilsam (1720)
f. 204r
Rustam fights Afrasiyab, Human and the Turanians (1720)
f. 205r
Rustam on the throne of Turan (1720)
f. 212v
Giv captures Piran (1720)
f. 215r
Kay Khusrau crosses the Oxus with Farangis and Giv (1720)
f. 220r
Kay Kavus receives Kay Khusrau on his arrival from Turan (1720)
f. 223v
Kay Kavus gives up throne in favour of Kay Khusrau (1720)
f. 231r
Farud kills Rivniz (1720)
f. 231r
Farud kills Rivniz (1720)
f. 234v
Farud retreats to his fortress and is mortally wounded by Ruhham (1720)
f. 236v
Bizhan fights Palashan (1720)
f. 240r
Piran attacks the Iranian camp at night (1720)
f. 243r
The Turanians defeat the Iranians (1720)
f. 244v
The Turanians defeat the Iranians (1720)
f. 252v
Tus kills Arzhang (1720)
f. 254v
Human fights Tus (1720)
f. 256v
Ruhham overcomes Bazur the Turanian wizard (1720)
f. 275r
Rustam overturns Chingish by seizing the tail of his horse (1720)
f. 285r
Rustam pulls the Khaqan of Chin from his elephant by lasso (1720)
f. 288v
Kay Khusrau replies to Rustam (1720)
f. 290v
Rustam fights Kafur the Cannibal (1720)
f. 296r
Rustam overthrows Puladvand (1720)
f. 300v
Rustam kills Akvan Div (1720)
f. 303v
Bizhan slaughters the wild boar (1720)
f. 305v
Manizha's nurse speaks with Bizhan (1720)
f. 306v
Manizha entertains Bizhan in the meadows (1720)
f. 313r
Kay Khusrau searches for Bizhan in the magic cup (1720)
f. 319v
Manizha appeals to Rustam (1720)
f. 322r
Rustam rescues Bizhan from the pit (1720)
f. 323r
Rustam and Bizhan carry out a raid on Afrasiyab's palace (1720)
f. 324r
Rustam and Bizhan defeat Afrasiyab in battle (1720)
f. 327r
Kay Khusrau holds a feast for Rustam after Bizhan's rescue (1720)
f. 329r
Scene from the Barzunama (1720)
f. 335r
Scene from the Barzunama (1720)
f. 341r
Scene from the Barzunama (1720)
f. 346r
Scene from the Barzunama (1720)
f. 347v
Scene from the Barzunama (1720)
f. 353v
Scene from the Barzunama (1720)
f. 356v
Scene from the Barzunama (1720)
f. 361v
Scene from the Barzunama (1720)
f. 363v
Scene from the Barzunama (1720)
f. 370v
Scene from the Barzunama (1720)
f. 375r
Scene from the Barzunama (1720)
f. 377r
Scene from the Barzunama (1720)
f. 380v
Scene from the Barzunama (1720)
f. 386r
Scene from the Barzunama (1720)
f. 391v
Scene from the Barzunama (1720)
f. 393v
Scene from the Barzunama (1720)
f. 401r
Scene from the Bahmannama (1720)
f. 408v
Bizhan and Human wrestle for a second time (1720)
f. 420r
A general encounter between the armies of Iran and Turan (1720)
f. 424v
The third combat: Guraza fights Siyamak (1720)
f. 425r
The fourth combat: Furuhil kills Zangala (1720)
f. 425v
The fifth combat: Ruhham kills Barman (1720)
f. 427v
The eleventh combat: Gudarz kills Piran (1720)
f. 433v
Kay Khusrau mourns for Piran and the dead Turanians (1720)
f. 446v
Kay Khusrau kills Shida (1720)
f. 448r
A full scale battle between the armies of Iran and Turan (1720)
f. 452v
Kay Khusrau fights Afrasiyab again (1720)
f. 457v
Kay Khusrau besieges Gang Dizh (1720)
f. 459r
Kay Khusrau gives a safe conduct to Afrasiyab's family (1720)
f. 461v
Kay Khusrau learns of Afrasiyab's departure with the Faghfur's army (1720)
f. 463v
The Iranians repel Afrasiyab's night attack (1720)
f. 468r
Kay Khusrau defeats and kills the King of Makran (1720)
f. 469r
Kay Khusrau crosses Lake Zara (1720)
f. 475v
The execution of Afrasiyab (1720)
f. 486r
Kay Khusrau bids farewell to his harem (1720)
f. 487v
Kay Khusrau says a final farewell to his loyal comanders (1720)
f. 488v
Kay Khusrau's champions lost in the snow (1720)
f. 489r
The coronation of Luhrasp (1720)