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PNS 266
St Petersburg, National Library of Russia (in index)
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© The National Library of Russia
Accession Number:
PNS 266
Hijri Date:
Gregorian Date:
1598 (Or next year)
Indo-Persian style
Ex Amir of Bukhara library.
Folios extant in ms.:
Columns x Rows:
4 x 20
Page Size (h x w):
350 x 240 mm
Text Size (h x w):
226 x 136 mm
Colophon Folio:
Sample Page Folio:
Ms Type:
Ms Status:
Part 2
Completion Status:
Ready to upload to website
Illuminations in ms:
Illustrations in ms:
59 ( 59 Shahnama )
Illustration Records in archive:
Last updated by:
Date last updated:
0000-00-00 00:00:00
Public Notes
The manuscript starts with the reign of Luhrasp and covers only the second half of trhe Shahnama. A further division of the text at ff. 221v-222r (starting with the reign of Khusrau Anushirvan) shows that it was originally conceived in four sections. Section three ends on f. 220v; f. 221r is blankl; f. 221v includes an 'unvan for the start of section four, and f. 222r has blank spaces left for ornamentation that was never carried out.

The date, 1007 hijri, is written at the end of the text (f. 374r), but not in the framework of a normal colophon. The text is handsomely produced, perhaps in Iran rather than Central Asia, though see some similarities with PNS 90 in the same collection, concerning the colour scheme of the jadwal (marignal ruling).

The images, however, were clearly not executed at the time of the production of the text, appearing to be 18th-century Indian work, or else Indian style illustration that had become popular in Bukhara (the provenance of the ms.).

Many of the text rubrics are left blank.

Only a few illustrations are currently available.

Dating Ref:
Gyuzalyan, L.T. & Dyakonov, M.M. Rukopisi Shakh-name v Leningradskikh sobraniiach (Manuscripts of the Shahnama in the collections of Leningrad). Leningrad. Russia.
Origin Ref:
Gyuzalyan, L.T. & Dyakonov, M.M. Rukopisi Shakh-name v Leningradskikh sobraniiach (Manuscripts of the Shahnama in the collections of Leningrad). Leningrad. Russia.
Illustration Ref:
Gyuzalyan, L.T. & Dyakonov, M.M. Rukopisi Shakh-name v Leningradskikh sobraniiach (Manuscripts of the Shahnama in the collections of Leningrad). Leningrad. Russia.
Illustration in archive - 69     (back to top)
sample page
f. 007r
Gushtasp kills a wolf in Rum (1598)
f. 010r
Gushtasp kills Ilyas in combat (1598)
f. 011r
Zarir arrives at Caesar's court (1598)
f. 012r
Luhrasp receives Zarir and Gushtasp on their return from Rum (1598)
f. 012v
Luhrasp goes to Balkh and retires from the throne (1598)
f. 020r
Bidarafsh kills Zarir, the brother of Gushtasp (1598)
f. 022r
Isfandiyar kills Bidarafsh (1598)
f. 028r
Arjasp flees from Gushtasp in combat (1598)
f. 032r
Isfandiyar lassoes the Turanian hero Gurgsar (1598)
f. 034v
Isfandiyar's first labour: he fights the wolves (1598)
f. 035r
Isfandiyar's second labour: he fights the lions (1598)
f. 036r
Isfandiyar's third labour: he fights the dragon (1598)
f. 037r
Isfandiyar's fourth labour: he kills the sorceress (1598)
f. 037v
Isfandiyar's fifth labour: he kills the Simurgh (1598)
f. 039r
Isfandiyar's sixth labour: he escapes from a snow storm (1598)
f. 040v
Isfandiyar kills Gurgsar during the seventh labour (1598)
f. 041v
Isfandiyar reaches Ruyin Dizh (1598)
f. 042r
Isfandiyar's sisters recognize him in merchant's clothes (1598)
f. 044r
Isfandiyar kills Arjasp to rescue his sisters (1598)
f. 045r
Isfandiyar kills Arjasp to rescue his sisters (1598)
f. 055r
Rustam and Isfandiyar parley (1598)
f. 057r
Isfandiyar apologises for not inviting Rustam (1598)
f. 063v
Rustam and Isfandiyar parley (1598)
f. 065r
Rustam and Rakhsh wounded by the arrows of Isfandiyar (1598)
f. 067v
The Simurgh healing Rakhsh's wounds (1598)
f. 069v
Rustam shoots Isfandiyar in the eyes with a double-pointed arrow (1598)
f. 072v
Isfandiyar mourned (1598)
f. 077r
Rustam kills Shaghad before dying (1598)
f. 079v
An attendant snatches the snake from the delirious Rudaba (1598)
f. 082r
The execution of Faramarz (1598)
f. 084v
Darab questions the launderer's wife about his parents (1598)
f. 085v
Rashnavad finds Darab asleep by a ruined castle (1598)
f. 089v
Iskandar fed by his mother; Iskandar's newly born horse fed by his mother (1598)
f. 094v
Iskandar attends the dying Dara (1598)
f. 095v
Iskandar executes Dara's murderers (1598)
f. 098v
Kayd, the King of Hind, tells his dreams to his vizier, Mihran (1598)
f. 104r
Kayd gets his daughter ready for Iskandar (1598)
f. 106r
Iskandar dictates a letter to Kayd (1598)
f. 108r
Iskandar kills Fur (1598)
f. 111v
Iskandar visits Qaydafa disguised as a messenger (1598)
f. 116v
Iskandar kills a dragon (1598)
f. 121r
Iskandar builds a wall against Gog and Magog (1598)
f. 124v
Iskandar writes to Aristotle and receives a reply (1598)
f. 130r
Ardavan learns about Ardashir and Gulnar (1598)
f. 131v
Gulnar flees with Ardashir (1598)
f. 134r
The execution of Ardavan by Ardashir (1598)
f. 148v
Shapur Dhu'l Aktaf enthroned (1598)
f. 155r
Ta'ir captive before Shapur (1598)
f. 157r
Shapur freed from Caesar's prison by the slavegirl (1598)
f. 167r
Bahram Gur's mount tramples Azada (1598)
f. 169v
A sea monster kills Yazdagird (1598)
f. 172r
Bahram Gur, Munzir and Nu'man receive a Persian delegation at Jahrum (1598)
f. 183v
Bahram Gur and the miller's daughters (1598)
f. 195r
Bahram Gur captures the Khaqan of Chin (1598)
f. 202r
Bahram Gur wrestles before Shangul (1598)
f. 210r
Bahram Gur bequeaths his kingdom to Yazdagird (1598)
f. 222r
Shiruy (Qubad) enthroned (1598)
f. 236v
Anushirvan executes a young man and his half-sister in his harem (1598)
f. 258r
Buzurjmihr demonstrates how to play the game of chess (1598)
f. 269r
Buzurjmihr disgraced (1598)
f. 288v
Bahram Chubina kills the fleeing Sava Shah (1598)
f. 306r
Khusrau Parviz enthroned (1598)
f. 315r
King Hurmuzd is assassinated (1598)
f. 318r
Bahram Chubina enthroned (1598)
f. 329v
The angel Surush rescues Khusrau Parviz (1598)
f. 336r
Bahram Chubina kills the monkey-lion (1598)
f. 339v
The captive Qulun mortally wounds Bahram Chubina (1598)
f. 358r
Mihr Hurmuzd murders Khusrau Parviz (1598)
f. 360r
The death of Shiruy (1598)